What’s In a Name? Distinguishing Judo From Its Sister Arts

Image source: superstarjudo.com

Judo originates from the Japanese martial art jujutsu. Judo itself would later give rise to many variants, including Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Despite their common origins, however, each of the different martial arts derived from jujutsu varies in fundamental ways.

In many ways, judo and its descendant sports bear the hallmark of their progenitor art. Jujutsu had its origins in the constant fighting in Feudal Japan. The grapples and throws were among the most effective ways that Samurai warriors could pin down and incapacitate an armed or armored opponent without relying on a weapon.

Judo represents a refinement of these original techniques, relying on turning the opponent’s own force and momentum against them. Much like its predecessors, judo also focused on getting the opponent pinned down, with the understanding that the battle is over once the opponent is on the ground. This makes judo an excellent martial art to learn for self-defense and can be practiced largely noncompetitively.

Image source: bjj.org

The sport aspect of judo was later intensified in Brazilian jiu-jitsu, which focused heavily on achieving victory over an opponent and using every move to that end. Throws are worth points based on execution but do not finish the battle. Unlike judo, where fighters must stand back up when no fighters can remain on the ground until a submission hold is accomplished.

As a result, it is far more competitive than its predecessor and can be more prone to injury, although observers would note that it looks remarkably less violent than the faster-paced Judo.

Peter Spennato has spent years training in judo and Korean Tang Soo Doo. For more updates on martial arts and the disciplines associated with them, visit this blog.


Can Weight Training Help Martial Artists?

Martial arts novices are often confused whether weight training or lifting is helpful or harmful to their training. The uncertainties are largely based on the belief that weight training bulks up the body and muscles, which can affect the flexibility and speed required to master the common martial art disciplines.

Image source: combinedmartialscience.com

In reality, weight training is actually beneficial – only if the appropriate method is chosen. There are different types of weight training, namely:

  • bodybuilding, which is done for aesthetic purposes and not primarily to produce functional muscles required in athletics;
  • powerlifting, which has a goal of developing pure strength and mass through slow, heavy lifts;
  • fitness lifting, which is chosen by those who just want to stay healthy with no other purpose for weight training;
  • Olympic lifting, which builds power, strength, and muscle control and good technique; and
  • HIIT (high intensity interval training), which focuses on small bursts of exercise periods to build endurance, conditioning, and stamina, instead of strength.

Among these five, the most conducive technique for martial arts are Olympic lifting, HIIT, or a combination of both. They help develop a strong base for strength, fundamental martial arts movements, and endurance – without sacrificing speed.

Image source: building-muscle101.com

Peter Spennato, DDS is a martial arts specialist and defense instructor, having been trained in the different disciplines, such as judo and Korean Tang Soo Do. He is also a weight lifting enthusiast. Click this link for more articles about martial arts.

Earning Respect: The Gracie Challenge

Brazilian jiu-jitsu, or BJJ, has gained quite a following since its inception more than a century ago. The philosophy and techniques of the martial arts have mostly appealed to non-athletic and non-muscular people as they learn how to defend themselves against bigger, stronger, and heavier opponents. But the road to respectability and popularity had not been a smooth journey for its practitioners early on.

The Gracie family is synonymous to Brazilian jiu-jitsu. Since the late 1910s, the family has passed on the style from generation to generation and countless students. The first member to learn BJJ was Carlos Gracie, studying it from Kodokan judo master Mistuyo Maeda. And in his attempt to promote the art and superiority of Gracie’s style of BJJ, Carlos issued the first Gracie Challenge in the 1920s.

Image source: attacktheback.com
                      Image source: attacktheback.com

The Gracie Challenge was vale tudo, or a no holds barred match that featured a smaller Gracie against a larger and more athletic opponent. The Gracies defeated martial artists of many different styles and lost just a few fights, earning respect from a lot of people.

Rorion Gracie, Carlos’ nephew, would, later on, introduce Brazilian jiu-jitsu to the U.S., where at that time eastern martial arts dominated. And in his effort to gain local respect, he brought the Gracie Challenge along with him.

Image source: espn.go.com

It was effective as they won a huge number of fights that drew the attention of large crowds of students from different martial art styles. The no holds barred fights would also lead to the creation of mixed martial arts fighting and, eventually, the institution of the Ultimate Fighting Championship.

Peter Spennato is a very proficient martial artist of many different styles, which now include Gracie jiu-jitsu. Connect with him on Google+ for more discussion on martial arts.

The Way of the China Hand: A Brief History of Tang Soo Do

Not a lot of people are aware about Tang Soo Do (pronounced as tong-soo-do), a traditional Korean martial art. But its origins date back two thousand years, and was a system of the common people to protect themselves from samurai swords.

Tang Soo Do is considered an empty handed self-defense. “Tang” represents Chinese influence in the development of the modernized martial arts. Grand Master Hwang Kee, the founder of Moo Duk Kwan, studied the current Tang Soo Do form in China. When Korea was occupied by Japan more than a hundred years ago, the local Koreans were forbidden to practice their traditional martial arts. Many Koreans escaped the Japanese rule, and trained martial arts in China.

Image source: carytangsoodo.com

“Soo” is translated as “open hand.” The martial art has techniques for striking that involve the use of open hands. It also meant to trick the opponent into thinking the warrior is un-armed. While a lot of martial arts are designed to go on combats with a chosen weapon, Tang Soo Do artists work with only their bare hands.

When the Korean peninsula was unified under the Silla Dynasty, Hwa Rang Dan warriors combined the philosophies of Won Kwang and Soo Bak Ki to form Soo Bak Do. Soo Bak Do was included in a code of chivalry for the Korean peninsula unification. In the Yi and Koryo Dynasties, martial arts were used for sophisticated combative art and recreation.

As Taek Kyun and Soo Bak Do practitioners were forbidden to do martial arts during the Japanese occupation, artists continued their training underground. After the Second World War, the Tang Soo Do became an official sport and organization.

However, in 1965, the Korea Tang Soo Do Association wanted to unite all Korean martial arts under one name. But those who were for Tang Soo Do chose to remain traditional with their craft rather than join the Tae Kwon Do association.

Peter Spennato is a proficient martial artist who has been training since the 1960’s. Know more about Tang Soo Do and other traditional martial arts when you visit this blog.